10 Events How Assam’s History was different from the rest?:- Assam is a beautiful state in Northeastern India. It is located on the south of the eastern Himalayas along the mighty Brahmaputra and Barak river valleys. This land is a hotspot of cultures, wildlife, and biodiversity. With its emerald-green tea plantations, sanctuaries, and carpets of paddy fields stretching to the horizon, Assam’s natural beauty is impeccable.
The great plains of Assam have a long history that speaks of the traditions and cultures of the oldest periods of human civilizations. In this article, we will tell you 10 interesting facts about the History of Assam that makes this state different from the rest. Let’s find out.
10 Events How Assam’s History was different from the rest?
1. What is the meaning of Assam?
The name Assam is derived from the word ‘asama’, meaning ‘incomparable’-The land like no other. And it truly justifies it because of the deepest roots to the Brahmaputra River which overpowers the landscape and has shaped both culture and the environment. The incomparable topography of the land, and surrounded by a garland of hills and plains favours her name.
2. Who were the first inhabitants in Assam?
The archaeological surveys show the fact that; the ancient human communities that show up in the land of Assam were Australoids and Mongoloids. They were known as Kiratas. It is believed that the Mongoloids were the first community to ruled the entire state of Assam.
3. What is the old name of Assam?
The old name of Assam was referred to as ‘Kamrupa’ or ‘Pragjyotishpur’ mentioned in the old Vedic scriptures such as Mahabharata and Kalika Purana. In Hindu mythology, it is believed that the land was ruled by the demon Narakasura who had his capital at ‘Pragjyotishpur’, the eastern city of lights and a learning centre of astronomy.
4. Which was the dynasty that ruled for 600 years?
Ahom Dynasty (1228–1826) was the dynasty that ruled Assam for nearly 600 years. “Chaolung Sukaphaa” was the first king of Assam of the Ahom Dynasty. But, the rule of this dynasty ended with the Burmese invasion of Assam. As a result, it leads to subsequent annexation by the British East India Company following the Treaty of Yandabo in 1826.
5. Who wrote the first written records on Kamrupa(old name of Assam)?
Chinese traveller ‘Huan Tsang’ wrote a book called “Si-Yu-Ki” where he describes a memorable account of his visit to Kamrupa. It was perhaps the first written records from the 7th century. He visited the ancient Assam during the regime of King Bhaskarvarman whom he described as ‘the aristocratic king of eastern India’ and a devotee of Lord Shiva.
6. When and How Northeastern states was formed?
Formation of the Northeastern states was during the early 19th century when both Ahom and Manipur kingdom fell to a Burmese invasion. There was three Burmese Invasion of Assam in the year between 1817 and 1826. During that time, the Ahom Dynasty (the kingdom of Assam) which historically rules for 600 years came under the control of Burma from 1821 to 1825. Locally, this period was termed as “manor din”(The days/period of the Burmese) and is remembered with horror.
7. Which was the war between Burmese and Britishers to capture Northeast India?
The first Anglo Burmese War or Burma War (1824-26), which was fought between the Britishers and the Burmese Empire. The purpose behind the war was to control over Northeastern India. It ended with the decisive British Victory. As a result, The Treaty of Yandaboo in 1826 was signed on as the peace treaty. It includes the following demands:
- Giving up the power of territory to the British Assam, Manipur and some parts of Burma.
- Terminate all interference in Cachar and Jaintia. ( Regions in Northeast)
- Pays one million pounds sterling in indemnity.
8. When did Assam become part of India?
From the above fact, we can state that the control on Assam came under the hands of the British in 1826 after signing the Treaty of Yandaboo. It wasn’t part of India until The Treaty of Yandaboo was signed. So, it was ruled by different kingdoms. The land of Assam first experienced the Company Raj within its premises after the treaty was signed.
Do you Know: Burma war was the longest and most expensive war in British Indian history. The primary purpose was to control over Northeastern India. The campaign cost the British 5– 13 million pounds sterling. This expenditure led to a serious economic crisis in British India in 1833.
9. Was Dispur the capital of Assam always?
The capital of Assam during British rule was formerly Shillong (now the capital of Meghalaya). It was because the neighbouring states of Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Nagaland, and Mizoram, were once part of Assam. Later, it was shifted to Dispur, a suburb of Guwahati, in 1973.
10. Why Assam is the prominent part of the Land of Seven Sisters?
Assam is a prominent part of The Land of Seven Sisters because it is the gateway through which the sister states – Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Tripura, Nagaland, Manipur, and Mizoram are connected to the mainland. That is why Assam is also called as “The gateway to Northeast India.”
10 Events How Assam’s History was different from the rest?:- From the above historical facts on Assam, we can conclude that this land is enriched by many Dynastic traits and Culture. It remains one of the most enticing states of India which hold great historical significance.
I will end this topic with a quote: The great Vivekananda once must have rightfully said: “Next only to Kashmir, Assam is the most beautiful place in India.”
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